1.  Columbus and his “discovery” of America in 1492 radically changed life on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.  In this essay, discuss how the discovery of America affected each of the following peoples: Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans.  What was life like for each these people before 1492?  How did their lives change after 1492?

2.  Historians often divide British North America into two major regions: the North (New England and the Middle Colonies) and the South.  Examining politics, economics, ethnicity, and religion, compare and contrast these two regions.  In what ways were they similar?  In what ways were they different?

3.  Although Britain’s thirteen North American colonies had a significant amount of autonomy, they were nonetheless part of the British Empire and the larger European world.  In this essay, discuss the relationship between the American colonies and Great Britain in each of the following areas: economics, intellectual trends, political systems, and religion.  Your essay should cover the period from 1607 to 1763.

4.  Between 1763 and 1783, the American colonists were engaged in a great struggle with Great Britain over the issue of taxation and the colonists’ cherished “rights of Englishmen” in general.  The dispute resulted ultimately in American independence from Britain.  However, the extent to which officials in Britain actually violated the rights and liberties of Americans is open to question.  In this essay, assess whether or not, in your opinion, Americans were justified in resisting British colonial policy or were they simply overreacting?  Your essay should discuss specific policies, legislation, events, political theories and traditions, and any other issues you believe are relevant.  You should also discuss both the British and American positions on the controversy in order to assess fully which argument has more validity.

Use question number 1

NOTE: This is an open book exam, but plagiarism is not allowed.  Do not use any outside sources, and any words directly from the textbook need to be in quotation marks.  Penalties for academic dishonesty, including plagiarism, are spelled out in the course syllabus.

Use this link if necessary: https://openstax.org/details/books/us-history