Simply answer the following questions
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Passages L-Q do not fit into the common patterns of argument we have considered previously. Reconstruct them in standard form.
2o. It looks like Bruce will get a promotion. Alice has a great new job in Minneapolis. If so, she’ll be moving, and that will create an opening for either Bruce or Frank.
2p. Every human action is determined by laws of nature. But for a person to deserve praise or blame, it is necessary for the person to have been able to act differently than she in fact did. So no person deserves praise or blame.
3.2 (pp. 63-65)
Simplify and paraphrase the following passages. Try to capture the basic meaning as economically as you can. For the first approximation do not hesitate to substantially rewrite the passage and eliminate less important elements. Most of the passages are not arguments.
3. Only by cleaving firmly to the bosom of the land can the new pioneer escape the soul-crushing forces of modern, technological society.
4. A full-bodied network of communication is necessary for any officeholder if he or she is to effectively transform crucial, but unexciting, behind-the-scenes work into the forge that will produce results at the polls.
5. Success in teaching rest on three interrelated factors: (1) A teacher must have the easy familiarity that betokens the true participant in the life of the mind; (2) a teacher must be involved in a give-and-take of communication with the student so that the student is motivated and the teacher is apprised of the student’s needs; and finally (3) a teacher must be able to evaluate both the student’s progress and potential without bias brought about by the teacher’s own success and failures in the classroom.
6 To UNDERSTAND political power right and derive it from its original, we must consider what state all men are naturally in, and that is a state of perfect freedoms to order their actions and dispose of their possessions and persons as they think fit, within the bounds of the law of nature, without asking leave or depending upon the will of any other man.
3.3 (pp. 72)
Reconstruct the arguments contained in the following passages. Simplify or paraphrase whenever possible. Add implicit conclusions or premises, or both, as needed. Most of the arguments can be reconstructed in several different ways.
1a. We can’t restore democracy to Haiti. We can’t restore democracy when it never existed.
1b. I recognize, as a Roman Catholics generally, the great potential for human therapeutics in stem cell research. I do not oppose stem cell research per se if the cells are obtained from sources such as adult humans, miscarriages, or placental blood. What is morally unsustainable is the harvesting of stem cells by either of two currently proposed methods: (1) the creation and destruction of human embryos at the blastocyst stage by removal of the inner cell mass or (1) the harvesting of primordial germ cells from aborted fetuses. Both cases involve complicity in the direct interruption of a human life, which Roman Catholics believe has a moral claim to protection from the first moments of conception. In both cases, a living member of the human species is intentionally terminated.