What are the limits of patient confidentiality? Are there situations in which a duty to warn or otherwise protect third parties might exist? Provide a rationale for your position.

Why is competence sometimes very difficult to determine? Why is the ability of the patient to make an informed refusal so impacted by competence? When are patients legally allowed to be irrational?

Kidders Ethical checkpoints is a decision making model that is often used in health care. Provide an example of how this model could be used to make an ethical decision. What do you like and dislike about this model?