True pacifism, or nonviolent resistance, wrote Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., is a courageous confrontation of evil by the power of love (Stride Toward Freedom, 1958) Man cannot for a moment live without consciously or unconsciously committing outward himsa (violence) A votary of ahimsa (nonviolence) therefore remains true to this faith if the spring of all his actions is compassion, if he shuns to the best of his ability the destruction of the tiniest creature, tries to save it, and thus incessantly strives to be free from the deadly coil of himsa. He will be constantly growing in self-restraint and compassion, but he can never become entirely free from outward himsa (Gandhi, Autobiography: The Story of My Experiments with Truth, 1993, 439). You have heard that it was said, Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.’ But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also.” Jesus in Matthew 5:38-40 Let us, for the moment, set aside the argument, war is the natural state of man (thank you Thomas Hobbes). Where does pacificism sit in our discussion of law, morality and war? p.s. as a side note, those who relish the Hobbsian notion – the natural condition of mankind is a state of war in which life is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short” – think on this. Our American founders rejected Hobbes in favor of John Locke (the alter ego of Hobbes). “All mankind… being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions.” It is Locke, not Hobbes, that is enshrined in our Declaration of Independence: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” “But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security”