Write a 2000 (make sure it’s 2000) word review essay for an international relations journal. Review essays are not the same as a book review. They critically assess and engage with one or more texts and bring in other sources (for example to support a weakness identified or to place a piece in relation to a wider debate). They will also usually articulate what this text or group of texts contributes to a particular political or academic debate.

A review essay needs to include the following:

· A good summary of the articles and/or books under review, especially their key arguments.

· What you learned from them that you think is important for readers to know, in particular contributions to your understanding of war and the specific topic discussed, and key political, conceptual, and/or policy issues that the authors introduce.

· Shortcomings of or weaknesses in the analysis and/or the argument.

· Overall evaluation of the contribution the articles and/or books make for our understanding of war and the specific topic.

· You also need to consult at least two other academic sources and include them substantively, i.e. supporting your review, in the essay.

Your essay will be evaluated in terms of how well it does the above.

PLEASE NOTE= you can pick either 1 or 2 (depending which one you’ll have access to online as I have no pdf version)

1. Compare and critically review the following two articles on ‘lawfare’.

Irani, Freya (2018), “’Lawfare’, US military discourse, and the colonial constitution of law and war,” European Journal of International Security 3(1): 113-133.

Jones, Craig A. (2015), ‘Frames of law: targeting advice and operational law in the Israeli military,’ Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 33(4): 676-696.

2. Compare and critically review the following three articles on militarism/militarisation.

Mabee, Bryan and Srdjan Vucetic (2018), ‘Varieties of militarism: Towards a typology,”Security Dialogue 49(1-2): 96-108

Abrahamsen, Rita (2018), ‘Return of the generals? Global militarism in Africa from the Cold War to the present,’Security Dialogue 49(1-2): 19-31.
Howell, Alison (2018), “Forget ‘militarization’: race, disability and the ‘martial politics’ of the police and of the university”, International Feminist Journal of Politics 20(2): 117-136.